Welcome to Mongolia

Mongolia is the only landlocked country in East Asia. It borders China to the south, east and west, and Russia to the north. Its capital is Ulaanbaatar. In addition to the endless grassland, Mongolia also has many activities, food, shelter, entertainment, etc. with great ethnic characteristics, such as the annual Naadam Conference, Mongolian milk tea, horse milk wine, yurts, long notes, matouqin and so on.

The Overview

Mongolia has an area of ​​1.5665 million square kilometers. It is a landlocked country in central Asia and is located on the Mongolian plateau. It is adjacent to Russia in the north, and has a border line of 4670 kilometers with China on the east, south and west.

The western, northern and central parts are mostly mountainous, the eastern part is hills and plains, there is a natural pasture in Pingchuan, and the southern part is the Gobi Desert.

There are many streams and lakes in the mountains. The main river is Selenge River and its tributary Orkhon River. There are more than 3,000 large and small lakes in the territory, with a total area of ​​more than 15,000 square kilometers.

It is a typical continental climate. The lowest temperature in winter can reach -40℃, and the highest temperature in summer reaches 35℃.

Mongolia is a country of vast and sparsely populated grasslands, with an average population density of 1.5 people per square kilometer. The population is dominated by the Khalkha Mongols, accounting for about 80% of the country’s population. In addition, there are 15 ethnic minorities such as Kazakh, Durbert, Bayat and Buryat. In the past, about 40% of the population lived in the countryside. Since the 1990s, urban residents have accounted for 80% of the total population. Among them, residents living in Ulaanbaatar account for one-fourth of the country's total residents. The agricultural population is mainly composed of nomads who raise livestock.

The language is mainly Khalkha Mongolian. The residents mainly believe in Lamaism, which is the state religion. There are also some residents who believe in the indigenous yellow religion and Islam.

Best Places to Visit in Mongolia

  • 1 Gobi Desert Best place for adventure and desert driving
  • 2 Gorkhi-Terelj National Park One of the most popular places to visit
  • 3 Hustai National Park Mongolian steppe and Khentii Mountains
  • 4 Khovsgol Lake One of the largest lakes in the whole of Mongolia
  • 5 Altai Tavan Bogd National Park A vast expanse of territory includes everything
Mongolian Nomad
The annual Naadam Conference
Milky Way
Mongolian Train
  • 6 Ulaanbaatar The capital and commercial center
  • 7 Genghis Khan Statue Complex The statue with shops, restaurants and archaeological museum
  • 8 Orkhon Valley The cultural landscape of ancient Mongolia
  • 9 Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur Peaceful place good for camping
  • 10 Karakorum An ancient city good for history and culture learning

Useful Mongolia Travel Tips

Best Times to Visit Mongolia

Mongolia is the most sparsely populated country in the world, and Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, is the coldest capital in the world.

Mongolia is known as the "land of blue sky". It has a typical temperate continental climate, because it has more than 260 sunny days each year.

June to September is the best season to travel to Mongolia, of which early July is the best.

Mongolian Eagle Hunting

Mongolia has a unique wild and primitive cultural tradition. They are the Mongolian falconers.

The falcon is an ancient tradition with a long history of thousands of years. It can be seen in many countries and regions on the Eurasian steppe, such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Xinjiang, China.

At present, there are only about 70 Kyrgyz and Kazakh falconers left in the world. As the elderly pass away, this number is still declining. Due to the geographical isolation, the Kazakhs of Bayan-Ureqai in Mongolia have been able to retain this ancient tradition.

Exploring the ancient falcon tribe has become one of the main reasons why many photographers must go to Mongolia.